Separation Between Public and Press
There is a conscious association between the press and democracy.
According to [munsonJamesCareyCritical1997], in the 20th century it became an operative principle for the press to serve as the voice of a public that had lost its own to the pressure of special interest groups and the private sector.
- “Objectivity was a defensive measure, an attempt to secure by quasi-scientific means a method for recording the world independent of the political and social forces that were shaping it” (p. 246).
- Yet this oath to objectivity mandated a separation from the public—the public conversation could no longer be facilitated because effective public conversation had been lost to secrecy and bias.
Nowadays, with the popularization of Social Media, Journalism is inextricably tied to public discourse and opinion and these platforms have “pivotal roles in supporting new production and diffusion” leeNewsSharingSocial2012.
37% of internet users have shared news items online. leeNewsSharingSocial2012