Fuel Cell


Unlike a heat engine, fuel cells are not limited by the Carnot efficiency. shell

High-temperature fuel cells such as the solid-oxide fuel cell can make use a combined heat and power process (CHP), leading to higher efficiencies.

Multiple fuel cells are combined into fuel cell stacks


[shell] Adolf, Balzer, Louis, Schabla, Fischedick, Arnold, Pastowski & Sch"uwer, Shell hydrogen study energy of the future? Sustainable mobility through fuel cells and h2, Shell, Hamburg, (2017).

Types of fuel cells

Proton-exchange membrane fuel cell shell

Solid oxide fuel cell shell